Dang Gui


FUN FACTS

BN: Angelica sinensis AKA 当归 (Dāngguī), Dong Guai, Chinese Angelica, Female Ginseng, Angelica gigas(Korean), Angelica sinensis (Chinese) Angelica acutiloba (Japanese).

USES/BENEFITS

Helps mitigate PMS discomfort, lack of menstrual bleeding, menstrual cramps and migraines.  Used to treat premenstrual syndrome, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, recovery from childbirth and menopausal symptoms.²  It contains a natural hormone, phytoestrogen, to treat hot flushes and menopausal issues.  Although there are many claims in its use for menopausal issues, this study found no observable effect.  The coumarin and ferulic acid in dong quai may help protect agains atherosclerosis, angina, heart attacks, and hypertention.  Helps with allergy by inhibiting antibody production.  Antibaterial, antiviral, antiobesityAttenuates insulin resistance.Boosts immune system.  Anti-inflammatory. Improves circulation.  Support uterine tone and strength for getting ready to get pregnant.

The compound, butylidenephthalide, from Angelica sinensis inhibits malignant brain tumor growth in vitro and in vivo.¹  Can have a therapeutic effect on bladder cancer cells. ³ Induces the apoptosis of cervical cancer HeLa cells.

The cobalt in dong quai is used to treat iron deficiencies and anemia - particularly erythropoietin (EPO)-resistant anemia.   Powder normalizes ovarian hormone levels and protects against osteoporosis because of the courmarin in this root.   

CAUTION

Do not use if pregnant because it can cause miscarriage. This herb also affects the clotting of blood and must not be used by those with bleeding disorders or those on anticoagulant drugs.  Dong quai may act like estrogen, so don't use if you have conditions that can be worsen by estrogen.

PRODUCTS

Google "Dang gui", "dang gui",  or any of the scientific names, with any of the following categories to find the variety of products.  Below are links to a few examples - not a comprehensive list.

TYPES

BN: Angelica sinensis AKA 当归 (Dāngguī), Dong Guai, Chinese Angelica, Female Ginseng, Angelica gigas(Korean), Angelica sinensis (Chinese) Angelica acutiloba (Japanese).

GROWING

PERSONAL EXPERIENCE

CONSTITUENTS/NUTRITION

Phytochemicals/VitaminsCoumarinbutylidenephthalidephytoestrogen

Contains carotenoids, ascorbic acid, folinic acid, biotin, coumarin, phytosterol, flavonoid, polysaccharide and  n-butylidenephthalide.  butylidene phhtalide, ligustilide, sequiterpenes, carvacrol, dihyrophthalic anhydride, sucrose, b vitamins, beta-sitosterol

Warfarin

TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM) Notes

This information is for education purposes only.  Seek the advice of your physician before taking any home remedies, herbs, or supplements.

PropertiesTreatmentsDosageCautionGlobal Usage
Temp Taste Ent. Meridians Photo
Warm

Name
 当归 (Dāngguī)
Sweet
Acrid
Bitter
Heart
Liver
Spleen

Issues Treatments
Tonify the Blood

DOSAGE information found online.  Always consult your doctor before taking any herbal supplements.


  • Dong quai comes in raw root, tablets, capsule, and powder form.   It is also given as an injection at hospitals in Japan and China.
  • There is no recommended dosage on the dried herb (root) that I can find.  Some websites recommend 3-15g.
  • Do not use aluminum or stainless steel for Dong Guai.  Put 4 cups of water in stoneware or glass container.   Add chicken or beef and one small dong quai root, or half of a large one.  Cover and bring to a boil, then reduce heat to low and cook for 3 to 4 hours until half the liquid is left.  Consume the broth.  Best time is after the menstrual cycle.
  • Capsules For menopausal symptoms, people took 500 to 600 mg tablets or capsules up to 6 times daily.7
  • Tincture (1:5 w/v, 70% alcohol): 2 to 4 mL.  3 times daily is one possible dosing schedule - doses may vary.  Dong guai is usually prescribed as part of a formula containing synergistic herbs. 7
  • Infusion: 1 oz. root simmered in 3 cups of water for 30 minutes along with a little fresh ginger. Take 1 day per week as a uterine tonic.

Caution information found online.  Always consult your doctor before taking any herbal supplements.

  • Do not take Dong guai if you are pregnant.
  • Do not give this root to children.
  • Essential oil has small amount of cancer-causing substances and should not be ingested.
  • Individuals with diarrhea, abdominal bloating, at risk of breast cancer, overian caner, or uterine cancer should not take this herb because of its phytoestrogen effects on the body.

REFERENCES

  1. nih.gov 2/17/2018 The natural compound n-butylidenephthalide derived from Angelica sinensis inhibits malignant brain tumor growth in vitro and in vivo
  2. cancer.gov 2/17/18 Radix Angelicae sinensis/Radix Astragali herbal supplement
  3. nih.gov 2/17/2018  Potential therapeutic effects of N-butylidenephthalide from Radix Angelica Sinensis (Danggui) in human bladder cancer cells.
  4. nih.gov 2/17/18  A novel polysaccharide, isolated from Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels induces the apoptosis of cervical cancer HeLa cells through an intrinsic apoptotic pathway.
  5. Journal of Medicinal Food. 2/17/18 Ultrafine Angelica gigas Powder Normalizes Ovarian Hormone Levels and Has Antiosteoporosis Properties in Ovariectomized Rats: Particle Size Effect
  6. nih.gov Angelica acutiloba root attenuates insulin resistance induced by high-fructose diet in rats.
  7. umm.edu 2/17/18
  8. medlineplus.gov 2/17/18

 

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