Botanical name: Zingiber officinale, AKA 生姜 (shēngjiāng), jengibre. Contains over 400 compounds.²
Ten compounds were isolated and identified as beta-sitosterol palmitate (1), isovanillin (2), glycol monopalmitate (3), hexacosanoic acid 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester (4), maleimide-5-oxime (5), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (6), adenine (7), 6-gingerol (8), 6-shogaol (9), and 1-(omega-ferulyloxyceratyl) glycerols (10a-10f)¹
Drying - Studies show that dry ginger looses essential oil and compounds as compared to fresh ginger. Keep this in mind as you use dried powder and spices.
(Disclaimer) morning sickness, colic, upset stomach, gas, bloating, heartburn, flatulence, diarrhea, loss of appetite, diabetes, cold and flu, cough, upper respiratory infection, boosting circulation, antiviral, anti-inflammatory. Studies showed that ginger and its active components 6-gingerol and 6-shogaol exert anticancer activities against Gastrolintestinal cancer. Germany’s Commission E has approved ginger as a treatment for indigestion and motion sickness.
Ginger is a warming stimulant³. I've learned to drink it in the mornings like I would with coffee. If I drink it less than 2 hours before bedtime, I often have difficulty falling asleep.
Choose the roots with smooth and plump skin, firm, and heavy. Break off a small piece to ensure that the inside is moist and light yellow. The longer the length of the rhizomes, the more mature the ginger and the spicier it is.
AKA Chinese White Ginger. This variety has a light blue ring perimeter when sliced. They are believed to be juicier and has a lighter taste. They are less common and are typically more expensive.
For example, the Bubba Baba ginger is a Hawaiian mix ($17/pound).
This is ginger you commonly see. Some call it yellow ginger. You can find fresh ginger at HEB, WholeFoods, or most Chinese stores.
Ginger is a perennial low maintenance plant. You can grow them in containers or in the ground. With some preparation, you can use the store purchased tubers to grow your own. Here is a good website describing how easy it is. The key to higher production seems to be rich soil, whether it's from compost or saw dust.
Here a great video for growing and harvesting them indoors.
Interesting use of saw dust.
Below are product samples. You can find most of them at Walmart.com or Amazon. Search the web for the product name and you should find multiple options.
There's ginger perfume, candles, soap and tons more products with mild amounts of ginger. If you are looking for the benefits of ginger, avoid the products and use the fresh root. It's commonly found in supermarkets.
I generally use fresh ginger since they are available year round in Austin. I use it in soup, tea, stir fry, steamed ribs, and fish. I loved ginger candy as a child. I'm trying to grow ginger from a root I bought at HEB grocery store at the moment.
Cold and flu - For cold, cough, and sore throat, I would cut large thin slices of ginger (5 or 6 slices) per single serving tea pot. I normally add some lemon, oranges or other flavored tea for variety. Let it steep for at least 5 minutes. I typically do about 3 serving with the same mix. Then I eat the ginger. If you prefer sweet tea, add honey, since that helps sooth the throat too. There are tons of recipes online for ginger soup (basically take your favorite soup and add ginger). Try to ingest ginger at least 2-3 hours prior to going to bed. I felt its stimulant effects and felt the pattern of trouble sleeping until I researched it to find out it's a stimulant.