FUN FACTS

Botanical name: Zingiber officinale, AKA   生姜 (shēngjiāng), jengibre.  Contains over 400 compounds.²

CONSTITUENT

Ten compounds were isolated and identified as beta-sitosterol palmitate, isovanillin, glycol monopalmitate, hexacosanoic acid 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester, maleimide-5-oxime, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, adenine, 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, and 1-(omega-ferulyloxyceratyl) glycerols (10a-10f)¹   Ginger also contains flavonoids, alkaloids, coumarins, saponins, tannin, alkaloid and glycosides.  It is anti-bacterial, anti-parasitic and antioxidant.

Drying - Studies show that dry ginger looses essential oil and compounds as compared to fresh ginger.  Keep this in mind as you use dried powder and spices.

USES/BENEFITS

(Disclaimermorning   sickness, colic, upset stomach, gas, bloating, heartburn, flatulence, diarrhea, loss of appetite, diabetes, cold and flu, cough, upper respiratory infection, boosting circulation, antiviral, anti-inflammatory.   Studies showed that ginger and its active components 6-gingerol and 6-shogaol exert anticancer activities against Gastrolintestinal cancer.  Germany’s Commission E has approved ginger as a treatment for indigestion and motion sickness.   Ginger extract has been shown to induce apoptosis in T vaginalis (Trichomoniasis - a sexually transmitted disease).4

CAUTION

Ginger is a warming stimulant³.  I've learned to drink it in the mornings like I would with coffee.  If I drink it less than 2 hours before bedtime, I often have difficulty falling asleep.

TYPES

— Selection

Choose the roots with smooth and plump skin, firm, and heavy.  Break off a small piece to ensure that the inside is moist and light yellow.  The longer the length of the rhizomes, the more mature the ginger and the spicier it is.

Blue-Ring Ginger

Bubba Baba

AKA Chinese White Ginger.  This variety has a light blue ring perimeter when sliced.  They are believed to be juicier and has a lighter taste.  They are less common and are typically more expensive.

For example, the Bubba Baba ginger is a Hawaiian mix ($17/pound).

 

 Regular Ginger

 This is ginger you commonly see.  Some call it yellow ginger.  You can find fresh ginger at HEB, WholeFoods, or most Chinese stores.

 

GROWING

Ginger is a perennial low maintenance plant.  You can grow them in containers or in the ground.  With some preparation, you can use the store purchased tubers to grow your own.  Here is a good website describing how easy it is.  The key to higher production seems to be rich soil, whether it's from compost or saw dust.

 

 

 

— Indoors/in Containers

Here a great video for growing and harvesting them indoors.

— In the Ground

Interesting use of saw dust.

PRODUCTS

Below are product samples.  You can find most of them at Walmart.com or Amazon.  Search the web for the product name and you should find multiple options.

There's ginger perfume, candles, soap and tons more products with mild amounts of ginger.  If you are looking for the benefits of ginger, avoid the products and use the fresh root.  It's commonly found in supermarkets.

EDITOR NOTES

I generally use fresh ginger since they are available year round in Austin.  I use it in soup, tea, stir fry, steamed ribs, and fish.  I loved ginger candy as a child.  I'm trying to grow ginger from a root I bought at HEB grocery store at the moment.

Cold and flu - For cold, cough, and sore throat, I would cut large thin slices of ginger (5 or 6 slices) per single serving tea pot.  I normally add some lemon, oranges or other flavored tea for variety.  Let it steep for at least 5 minutes.  I typically do about 3 serving with the same mix.  Then I eat the ginger.  If you prefer sweet tea, add honey, since that helps sooth the throat too.  There are tons of recipes online for ginger soup (basically take your favorite soup and add ginger).  Try to ingest ginger at least 2-3 hours prior to going to bed.  I felt its stimulant effects and felt the pattern of trouble sleeping until I researched it to find out it's a stimulant.

TCM NOTES

This information is for education purposes only.  Seek the advice of your physician before taking any home remedies, herbs, or supplements.

PropertiesTreatmentsUsageCautionsFormulas
Temp Taste Ent. Meridians Photo
warm
 

Name
生姜 
shēng jiāng
Pungent

Lung
Spleen
Stomach

Key Actions

stops cough

stops vomitting

release to exterior

disperse cold

Indications/Issues Description / Symptoms Usefulness(1-10)
Cough ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Cold/Flu ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Seafood poisoning ♦♦♦♦♦
Vomiting ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦

 

Actions Actions Actions
Release to Exterior Disperse Cold Stops Cough
Reduces toxicity Stops Vomiting Induces Perspiration
Warms Middle Jiao Adjusts the Ying Levels Adjusts the Wei Levels

DOSAGE information found online

Always consult your doctor before taking any herbal supplements.

Dosage: 3-9 grams fresh ginger root

 

PARTS USED

• Root

***Always consult your doctor before taking any herbal supplements.***

Contraindications

 

Drugs Interactions

Ginger contains coumarin and may cause overdose when used with anti-coagulant drugs.

Herb Interactions

Xiang Fan/ Incompatibility:

Xiang Wei/ Counteraction:

Xiang Sha/ Suppression:

Xiang Wu / Antagonism:

Xiang Xu/ Accentuation:

Xiang Shi/ Enhancement:

The roots of this herb is an ingredient in the following formulas:

REFERENCES

  1. US National Library of Medicine   retrieved 1/7/2018
  2. hindawi.com   retrieved 1/7/2018
  3. UCLA library retrieved 1/9/2018
  4. Mohsen A, Mahdi D, Zohre Fakhrieh K, Mohsen T, Hossein H.  Ginger (Zingiber officinale) induces apoptosis in Trichomonas vaginalis in vitro  Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd). 2016 Nov; 14(11): 691–698.

This information in this post came from many sources, including class notes, practitioners, websites, webinars, books, magazines, and editor's personal experience.   Always consult a doctor prior to using herbal medicine.  The information here is strictly for educational purposes.

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