Phytochemicals include the following properties:
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- Antioxidant – ie. allyl sulfides, carotenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols.
- Hormonal action – ie Isoflavones
- Stimulation of enzymes – ie Indoles, protease inhibitors, terpenes
- Interference with DNA replication – ie Saponins, capsaicin
- Anti-bacterial effect – ie allicin
- Physical action – ie Proanthocyanidins